Spelman College ("the College"
or "Spelman") has a vital interest in maintaining safe, healthful, and
productive working conditions for its students, faculty, administrators and
staff. Employees under the
influence of a controlled substance or alcohol on the job can pose a serious
safety risk to themselves or others, and also can cause damage to the College's
reputation. Therefore, the possession, use, or sale of, or being under the
influence of, any controlled substance or alcohol in the workplace by any
Spelman employee is unacceptable except as indicated below in section II. As described in Spelman's Drug and
Alcohol Abuse Policy, the College is committed to preventing and eradicating
drug and alcohol abuse by its students and employees and maintaining a
drug-free school and workplace. In
addition to the Drug and Alcohol Abuse Policy, the College has established the
following Drug and Alcohol Use Policy with respect to testing, the use of drugs
or alcohol while at work, on Spelman property or while performing College
The College has identified
certain departments in which compliance with the College's drug and alcohol
policies has heightened consequences due to the fact that these departments use
heavy and/or dangerous machinery or equipment, have access to student health
records, or dispense medicine. These departments are as follows: Public Safety,
Student Health Services, and Facilities Management and Services (the
"Designated Departments"). As
indicated herein, certain provisions of this policy apply only to employees in
the Designated Departments. Unless
otherwise noted, this policy applies to all employees of the College, including
individuals who are temporary, summer service providers and contractors.
For purpose of this policy, the following
definitions shall apply:
Employee Assistance Program (EAP): Confidential counseling program that
offers assessment, short-term counseling, and referral services to employees
and their eligible dependents for a wide range of needs including drug,
alcohol, marital counseling, stress management, and mental health problems.
Information about Spelman's EAP is available in the Employee Handbook, hard
copy format and on the website, and in the Office of Human Resources. Also,
information is available at www.MagellanAssist.com or at
1.800.523.5668 or at 1.800.882.7610 for the hearing impaired.
Legal Drugs: Prescribed drugs and over-the-counter drugs
which have been legally obtained and are being used solely for the purpose, and
by the person, for which they were prescribed.
Illegal Drugs: Any drug which (a) is not legally
obtainable, including all controlled substances included in Schedule I or II,
as defined by section 802(6) of Title 21 of the United States Code, the
possession of which is unlawful under chapter 13 of that Title; (b) may be
legally obtainable but has not been legally obtained; (c) is being used in a
manner or for a purpose other than as prescribed; or (d) is not prescribed for
Medical Review Officer: The individual responsible for
receiving laboratory results generated pursuant to the Spelman Drug and Alcohol
Use Policy who is a licensed physician with knowledge of substance abuse disorders
and the appropriate medical training to interpret and evaluate all positive
test results together with an individual's medical history and any other
relevant biomedical information.
Confirmed Positive Test Result: A test result that was positive on an
initial FDA-approved immunoassay test, confirmed by a Gas Chromatography/Mass
Spectrometry assay, (or other confirmatory tests approved by the U.S.
Department of Health and Human Services), and reviewed and verified by the
Medical Review Officer in accordance with this policy and the Mandatory
Guidelines for Federal Workplace Drug Testing Programs.
USE OF DRUGS/ALCOHOL PROHIBITED
distributing, possessing or being under the influence of alcohol or an illegal
drug on College grounds, or when performing College business is strictly
prohibited and will result in disciplinary action. However, approved alcoholic
substances such as ethanol-containing solutions may be used in the furtherance
of scientific teaching and experimentation, chemical protocols or other defined
teaching/research objectives and functions.
[The College also recognizes that, throughout the year,
alcohol may be served at various events such as receptions, social gatherings
or holiday functions. Such events
must have an identified host who is responsible for the following:
no noticeably intoxicated person is served alcohol,
the event an individual overindulges, the host ensures alternative transportation is
available for the individual,
If the event is scheduled to last more than 2 hours,
serving alcoholic beverages must stop at least 45 minutes before the scheduled
must be available, and
beverages should be continuously available in equal or greater quantity.]
In some circumstances, an
employee's use or possession of medication that has been lawfully prescribed
for that employee can pose a significant risk to the safety of the employee or
others. The use of, or being under
the influence of, any legal drug while at work or on College grounds or on
College business is prohibited if such use or influence may affect the safety
of the employee, his or her coworkers, students, or members of the public. An employee taking a legal drug that
may impair his or her judgment or capability to safely perform his or her job
duties must report use of such legal drug to his or her supervisor or
department chair prior to engaging in any work related activity. An
employee who performs work for a government contract or grant must notify the
College of a criminal conviction for drug-related activity within five business
days of the conviction.
An employee reporting for work
visibly impaired will not be permitted to work. If in the opinion of his or her supervisor or department
chair, an employee is considered impaired, the supervisor or department chair shall
contact the Director of Human Resources or the Associate Director of Human
Resources who will make a determination of whether there is reasonable
suspicion to test the employee for drugs or alcohol. An impaired employee shall not be permitted to drive.
Transportation should be arranged on the employee's behalf.
Types of Testing
pre-employment drug test will be conducted on all job applicants in the
Designated Departments to whom a conditional offer of employment has been
extended. Any offer of employment
that an applicant receives is contingent upon the satisfactory completion of
drug or alcohol testing will be conducted whenever the College has a reasonable
basis to believe that any College employee is in violation of this policy. Factors that may be considered in
reasonable suspicion testing include, but are not limited to:
alcohol or drug use on campus or during employees work hours;
physical state of impairment, such as poor balance, slurred or incoherent
speech, demeanor, or appearance;
(c) Accidents or other actions that provide
An employee noticing
any of the behaviors above and suspecting drug or alcohol abuse may report the
behavior to their department chair, supervisor, divisional Vice President or
the Director of Human Resources. Such reports shall be made in good faith and
upon specific facts and circumstances.
If reasonable suspicion exists, the employee is required to
undergo drug and alcohol testing.
The College will also conduct drug testing to employees in
the Designated Departments on a random basis. Because of the random nature of the process, employees in
these departments may be selected more than once during a calendar year. An
employee selected for random drug testing may have their testing deferred if a
compelling need necessitates a deferral on the grounds that the employee is in
a leave status (ex. sick, vacation, official College travel, or leave without
At least once a year for two years, an employee
will be required to take a test after successful completion of an EAP or
rehabilitation program, to which the employee has been referred by the College.
B. Substances Tested
When requesting or requiring a drug test, the
College will test for the following controlled substances: (1) Amphetamines, (2) Cannabinoids, (3)
Phencyclidine (PCP), (4) Methadone, (5) Methaqualene, (6) Opiates, (7)
Barbiturates, (8) Benzodiazepines, (9) Propoxyyphene, or a metabolite of any
When requesting or requiring an alcohol test, the
College will consider an employee with a blood alcohol level of 0.06 or greater
to be "impaired."
Procedures and Testing Methods
Employees and applicants being tested will have the
opportunity to provide notification of any information that may be considered
relevant to the test, including identification of currently or recently used
prescription or nonprescription/over-the-counter drugs or other relevant
All test results will be kept confidential. Records
of drug and alcohol testing will be kept in accordance with federal, state and
local regulations. Upon written
request, an individual may inspect records relating to his or her drug test and
records related to the results of any relevant certification proceedings.
The following rules apply in cases where the
College requests or requires a drug or alcohol test:
(a) A confirmed positive test for drugs or alcohol may result in disciplinary action,
up to and including discharge;
notified to take a random or reasonable suspension/for cause test, the employee
must complete the test on the day of notification before close of business day
for the testing agency (usually 5:00 p.m.).
date of job offer, an individual required to take a pre-employment drug test
must complete the test within two business days by close of business for the
testing agency (usually 5:00 p.m.).
REFUSAL TO TEST
An individual has the right to refuse to undergo a
drug or alcohol test. An employee
who refuses to be tested, however, will be subject to disciplinary action.
Any applicant who refuses to be tested shall have
their conditional offer of employment rescinded.
Attempts to alter or substitute the specimen
provided will be deemed a refusal to take the drug or alcohol test when
required, and will be subject to disciplinary action or rescission of any offer
OF FAILING DRUG OR ALCOHOL TEST
Employees failing a drug or
alcohol test, the results of which have been confirmed, shall be subject to disciplinary
action up to and including the possibility of dismissal.
An employee failing a drug or alcohol test for the first time during his or
her employment at Spelman may be referred to a drug and alcohol treatment
program in addition to, or in lieu of, other disciplinary action. The drug or alcohol treatment program
must be approved by the College, and any cost incurred by the employee's
participation in the program is his or her responsibility. The duration of the
program usually will not exceed sixty (60) days. If the College refers an employee to a drug or alcohol
program, the employee must successfully complete the program and adhere to the
guidelines and procedures set forth in the program. Employee must submit to and
test negative for a randomly scheduled drug and alcohol test at least once a
year for the two years following completion of the program. In some instances,
while an employee is participating in an approved program, the employee may be
reclassified to another job. This reclassification may impact the employee's
pay. However, if reclassification is not feasible, the employee will be placed
on a leave of absence without pay, unless sick, vacation or other pay
arrangements are available and approved.
An employee failing a drug or alcohol test for a second time during his or
her employment at Spelman will be dismissed.
While the College will ordinarily refer an employee to treatment after a
first positive drug or alcohol test, the College reserves the right to dismiss
any employee testing positive for drugs and alcohol in its sole
warranting immediate dismissal include, but are not limited to, cases in which
the employee testing positive exposed Spelman employees or students to risk of
personal injury, damaged Spelman property, violated state, local or federal
law, or otherwise engaged in egregious behavior.
SELF-REFERRAL TO EMPLOYEE ASSISTANCE PROGRAM
The self-referral option allows
any employee to step forward and identify him/herself as an illegal drug user
or alcohol abuser for the purpose of entering an approved treatment program
under the Employee Assistance Program (EAP). In an effort to assist employees who themselves are seeking
treatment, the College will not initiate disciplinary action against any
employee who meets all four (4) of these conditions:
identifies him/herself as a user of illegal drugs or alcohol prior to being
identified through other means;
counseling or rehabilitation through an EAP or other authorized program; and
Thereafter refrains from using illegal drugs; and understands
In some instances, while an employee is participating
in an approved program, the employee may be reclassified to another job. This
reclassification may impact the employee's pay. However, if reclassification is
not feasible, the employee will be placed on a leave of absence without pay,
unless sick, vacation or other pay arrangements are available and
This policy will be posted in the Employee Handbook section
on the website, and employees will receive a copy of the policy via email.
Employees in the Designated Departments shall be asked to acknowledge in
writing that they have received and read this policy. If the employee refuses to sign the acknowledgement, the
employee's acknowledgement form will notate the employee received the notice. An employee's failure to sign the
notice shall not preclude testing for that employee.
with questions are encouraged to contact the Office of Human Resources. Employees may raise questions or
concerns about this policy without fear of reprisal.